The eastern lowland Gorilla subspecies, Gorilla berengei graueri
The national park is a UNESCO world heritage site and an exceptional habitat for the eastern lowland gorilla subspecies, Gorilla berengei graueri. It is also a protection of the rainforest. Near the western bank of Lake Kivu lies the national park; in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo near Bukavu town, South Kivu province. It covers a total area of about 6,000Km² and lies on the Western flank of the Albertine rift valley in the Mitumba mountain range; with an elevation that ranges from 700 to 3,300m altitude. The mountain side covers an area of about 600Km, with altitude ranging from about 1,800 to 3,330m; the tropical rainforest has an altitude that ranges from about 700 to 1,200m. About 10% of the park is comprised of high mountains dominated by extinct volcanoes, Mt.Kahuzi and Mt. Biega; which are literally the dominant physical features in the park. The parks name is derived from the two extinct volcano mountains.The Mountain areas and lowland terrain are separated by a 7.4Km corridor.
The Garamba National Park covers an area of 4900km2 and has been under the management of African parks limited since the year 2005 in conjunction with the InstitutCongolais pour la Conservation de la Nature (ICCN).
Garamba National Park is considered among the old and notable African parks standing as one of the exact wilderness areas. The Garamba National Park appears as an open vast protected area with undulating grasslands that set the amazing scene for rewarding encounters like elephant herds, the buffalo herds, the Uganda Kob with less appearance of Giraffe and Roan Antelope which appear unexpectedly.